KERAJAAN SINGASARI PDF

Phone, Suggest a phone number kerajaan singasari. 3 likes. Movie. kerajaan singasari. Posts about kerajaan singasari. There are no stories available. Singhasari was a Javanese Hindu–Buddhist kingdom located in east Java between and (today Indonesia). The kingdom succeeded the Kingdom of Kediri as the dominant kingdom in eastern Java. The kingdom’s name cognate to Singosari district of Malang Regency. Kemunduran di bidang perdagangan serta politik kerajaan Sriwijaya itu dipercepat pula oleh usaha-usaha kerajaan Singasari di Jawa yang mulai mengadakan.

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Singhasari was a Javanese Hindu — Buddhist kingdom located in east Java between and kerwjaan Indonesia. The kingdom succeeded the Kingdom of Kediri as the dominant kingdom in eastern Java.

The kingdom’s name cognate to Singosari district of Malang Regencylocated several kilometres north of Malang city. Singosari was mentioned in several Javanese manuscripts, including Pararaton. According to tradition, the name was given kerajjaan Ken Arok during the foundation of the new kingdom to replace its old name, Tumapel, located kfrajaan a fertile highland valley which today corresponds to the area in and around Malang city.

It derives from Sanskrit word singha which means “lion” and sari which in Old Javanese could mean either “essence” or “to sleep”. Thus Singhasari could be translated as “essence kerahaan lion” or “sleeping lion”. Although the lion is not an kerajaab animal of Javathe symbolic depiction of lions is common in Indonesian culture, attributed to the influence of Hindu-Buddhist symbolism. Most of Ken Arok’s life story and also the early history of Singhasari was taken from the Pararaton account, which also incorporates some mythical aspects.

Ken Arok rose from being a servant of Tungul Ametung, a regional ruler in Tumapel present day Malang to becoming ruler of Java from Kediri. He is considered the founder of the Rajasa dynasty of both the Singhasari and later the Majapahit line of monarchs. In the yearthe ambitious king Kertanegarathe fifth ruler of Singhasari who had been reigning sincelaunched a peaceful naval campaign northward towards the weak remains of the Srivijaya kerajaan The strongest of these Malaya kingdoms was Jambiwhich captured the Srivijaya capital inthen the Dharmasraya kingdomand the Temasek kingdom of Singapore, and then remaining territories.

The expedition is named the Pamalayu expedition was led by Admiral Mahesa Anabrang a. These Malayan kingdoms then pledged allegiance to the king. King Kertanegara had long wished to surpass Srivijaya as a regional maritime empire, controlling sea trade routes from China to India.

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The Pamalayu expedition from tofrom the time of Singhasari to Majapahit, is chronicled in the Javanese scroll Nagarakrtagama. He also established an alliance with the king of Champa Vietnam. King Kertanegara totally erased any Srivijayan influence from Java and Bali in Indonesia is one of the few areas singssari Asia that thwarted invasion by the Mongol horde by repelling a Mongol force in As the centre of the Malayan peninsula trade windsthe rising power, influence, and wealth of the Javanese Singhasari empire came to the attention of Kublai Khan of the Mongol Yuan dynasty based in China.

Moreover, Singhasari had formed an alliance with Champaanother powerful state in the region. Both Java Singhasari and Champa were worried about Mongol expansion and raids against neighbouring states, such as their raid of Bagan Pagan in Burma.

Kublai Khan then sent emissaries demanding submission singxsari tribute from Java. The demand was refused.

kerajaan singasari

The next year inthe Khan sent another envoy, demanding the same, which was refused again. Eight years later, inthe last envoy was sent to demand the same, and Kertanegara, refused to pay tribute. In the audition throne room of the Singhasari court, King Kertanegara humiliated the Khan by cutting and kerajwan Meng Ki’s face, one of the Mongols’ envoys some sources even state that the king cut the envoy’s ear himself.

The envoy returned to China with the answer—the scar—of the Javan king written on his keramaan. Enraged by this humiliation and the disgrace committed skngasari his envoy and his patience, in late Kublai Khan sent 1, war junks for a punitive expedition that arrived off the coast of TubanJava in early King Kertanegara, whose troops were now kerajzan then and located elsewhere, did not realise that a coup was being prepared by the former Kediri royal lineage.

InDuke Jayakatwanga vassal king from the Kingdom of Daha also known as Kediri or Gelang-gelangprepared his army to conquer Singhasari and kill its king if possible, assisted by Arya Viraraja, [2]: The Kediri Gelang-gelang army attacked Singhasari simultaneously from both north and south.

The king only realised the invasion kerajaaan the north and sent his son-in-law, Nararya Sanggramawijaya, famously known as Raden Wijayanorthward to vanquish the rebellion.

The northern attack was put at bay, but the southern attackers successfully remained undetected until they reached and sacked the unprepared capital city of Kutaraja. Jayakatwang usurped and killed Kertanagara during the Tantra sacred ceremony, thus bring a tragic end to the Singhasari kingdom.

Having learned of the fall of the Singhasari capital of Kutaraja due to Kediri’s treachery, Raden Wijaya tried to defend Singhasari but failed. He and his three colleagues, Ranggalawe, Sora and Nambi, went to exile under the favour of the same regent Bupati Arya Wiraraja of Madura, Nambi’s father, who then turned his back to Jayakatwang. With Arya Wiraraja’s patronage, Raden Wijaya, pretending to submit to King Jayakatwang, won favour from the new monarch of Kediri, who granted him permission to open a new settlement north of mount Arjuna, the Tarik forest.

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Earlythe Mongol naval forces arrived on the north coast of Java near Tuban and on the Brantas River mouth to flank what they thought was Singhasari. Raden Wijaya found the opportunity to use the unsuspecting Mongols to overthrow Jayakatwang. The Mongols then stormed Daha and Jayakatwang finally surrendered and was executed.

Once Jayakatwang was eliminated, Raden Vijaya then turned his troops on his former Mongol allies, forcing them to withdraw from the island of Java on 31 May The victor, Prince Wijaya, son-in-law of Kertanegarathe last Singhasari king, then ascended the throne as Kertajasa Jayawardhana, the first king of the great Majapahit Empireon 12 November From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Expansion of Singhasari during the reign of Kertanegara. Part of a series on the. Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms. Rise of Muslim states. National Awakening — Japanese occupation — War of Independence — Archaeology Currency Economy Military. Mongol invasion of Java. Retrieved 25 July The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. Gowa Bone Luwu Wajo. Retrieved from ” https: EngvarB from September Use dmy dates from September Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters Former country articles categorised by government type Commons category link from Wikidata Indonesia articles missing geocoordinate data All articles needing coordinates.

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This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Tumapel, later called Kutaraja Singhasari modern outskirt Malang. Old JavaneseSanskrit. KejawenHinduismBuddhismAnimism. Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms Salakanagara Kingdom. Rise of Muslim states Spread of Islam. Christian kingdom Larantuka Kingdom. Dutch East India Company.

KERAJAAN SINGOSARI

French and British interregnum. Emergence of Indonesia National Awakening. Independence United States of Indonesia. By topic Archaeology Currency Economy Military. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Singhasari.