Victoria Schofield. · Rating details · ratings · 4 reviews. Why has the valley of Kashmir, famed for its beauty and tranquility, become a major flashpoint, . Kashmir in Conflict. India, Pakistan and the Unending War. By: Victoria Schofield Media of Kashmir in Conflict. See larger image. This book examines the Kashmir conflict in its historical context, from the period when the valley Victoria Schofield is a freelance journalist living in the U.K.

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Sadly, today the name conjures images of gunfire, violence, terror and brutality. Located between India and Pakistan with both sxhofield claiming it as their own and fighting wars over it, Kashmir has become a source of an unending conflict between these two powers.

Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War: Victoria Schofield:

These hostilities are further compounded by the nuclear status of both nations, making the Kashmir conflict a source of alarm for the world community. Therefore it is very timely to learn about the origins of the conflict, the rise of militancy and the voices of the common people of this region.

The book begins by tracing the history of the state beginning from the last century, when this predominantly Muslim region victiria sold by British India to a Hindu maharajahGulab Singh, who subsequently merged it with his other states, Jammu and Ladakh, to make the state of Kashmir.

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A century later, inwhen the British left India, British dominion was partitioned into India and Pakistan with the Muslim majority areas of British India, namely the northwestern provinces, West Punjab and East Bengal going to the latter.

Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War

The several independent princely states that were under the British dominion were allowed to choose between joining India or Pakistan. While most of these with their predominantly Hindu population chose India, Kashmir faced a different situation altogether with its Xonflict king and largely mixed population of Hindus and Muslims. The King of Kashmir, Maharajah Hari Singh, decided to refrain from joining either by declaring independence.

This gave rise to severe unrest among the local populace. The Indian National Congress and the Muslim League, the two major political parties of India and Pakistan, both decided that a way out would be to leave the mandate to the people.

However, as all this was being worked out and both countries were out to woo xchofield the king and the local leaders, tribesmen from the northwest frontiers, partially aided and abetted by the newly formed Pakistani army, attacked Kashmir. However, a condition was entered thereafter with the UN stating that a plebiscite would be held in Kashmir at the earliest opportunity.


Other problems are the ethnic and religious complexities of the region. There is an absence of collective will amongst the heterogeneous populace comprising Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists as also tribal people.

According to Karan Singh, son of the erstwhile Maharaja, the only rational solution in would have been to initiate a peaceful partition of the state between India and Pakistan. Any book on Kashmir would require a great degree of neutrality kasymir show the two sides of the conflict. Although Schofield tries to be objective for the most part, she is more inclined at times to state the Pakistani perspective.

Kashmir in Conflict

So will there ever be an end? Schofield does have some sincere approaches towards a solution.

First and foremost, both India and Pakistan need to improve their relations, open trade and establish a loose economic union.

Tall order, this, but if the past year and the greatly successful India-Pakistan cricket season are any indication, political divisions may yet become secondary to human interactions. Kashmir in Conflict Victoria Schofield book reviews: On pages December Click here to learn more about this month’s sponsor!