ABENDLIED MENDELSSOHN PDF

[PDF] – Choral SA, Piano – Romantic * License: CPDL -. Abendlied (Evening Song). Words by Heinrich Heine, music by Felix Mendelssohn / arr., with English words, by Russell Robinson 3-Part Mixed Choral Octavo. Buy Abendlied (Two-Part) by Felix Mendelssohn at Choral Sheet Music.

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Mendelssohn wrote symphoniesconcertosoratoriospiano music and chamber music. His Songs Without Words are his most famous solo piano compositions. Abenslied a long period of relative denigration due to changing musical tastes and antisemitism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, his creative originality has been re-evaluated.

He is now among the most popular composers of the romantic era. A grandson of the philosopher Moses MendelssohnFelix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was brought up without religion until the age of seven, when he was baptised as a Reformed Christian. Felix was recognised early as a musical prodigybut his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent.

Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, and revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bachnotably with his performance of the St Matthew Passion in His essentially conservative musical tastes set him apart from more adventurous musical contemporaries such as Franz LisztRichard WagnerCharles-Valentin Alkan and Hector Berlioz.

The Leipzig Conservatoirewhich he founded, became a bastion of this anti-radical outlook. Felix Mendelssohn was born on 3 Februaryin Hamburgat the time an independent city-state, [n 3] in the same house where, a year later, the dedicatee and first performer of his Violin Concerto, Ferdinand Davidwould be born. The family moved to Berlin inleaving Hamburg in disguise in fear of French reprisal for the Mendelssohn bank ‘s role in breaking Napoleon ‘s Continental System blockade.

Fanny became a pianist well known in Berlin musical circles as a composer; originally Abraham had thought that she, rather than Felix, would be the more musical. But it was not considered proper, by either Abraham or Felix, for a woman to pursue a career in music, so she remained an active but non-professional musician.

Mendelssohn grew up in an intellectual environment. Frequent visitors to the salon organised by his parents at the family’s home in Berlin included artists, musicians and scientists, among them Wilhelm and Alexander von Humboldtand the mathematician Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet whom Mendelssohn’s sister Rebecka would later marry.

Abraham Mendelssohn renounced the Jewish religion; he and his wife decided not to have Felix circumcisedin contravention of the Jewish tradition. Abraham and his wife Lea were baptised inand formally adopted the surname Mendelssohn Bartholdy which they had used since for themselves and their children.

Letter to Felix of 8 July Mendelssohn began taking piano lessons from his mother when he was six, and at seven was tutored by Marie Bigot in Paris.

Zelter had almost certainly been recommended as a teacher by his aunt Sarah Levywho had been a pupil of W. Bach and a patron of C. Sarah Levy displayed some talent as a keyboard player, and often playing with Zelter’s orchestra at the Berliner Singakademie ; she and the Mendelssohn family were among its leading patrons. Mendelssoun had formed an mendelsoshn collection of Bach family manuscripts which she bequeathed to the Singakademie; Zelter, whose tastes in music were conservative, was also an admirer of the Bach tradition.

His works show his study of Baroque and early classical music. His fugues and chorales especially reflect a tonal clarity and use of counterpoint reminiscent of Johann Sebastian Bachby whose music he was deeply influenced. Mendelssohn probably made his first public concert appearance at the age of nine, when he participated in a chamber music concert accompanying a horn duo.

As an adolescent, his works were often performed at home with a private orchestra for the associates of his wealthy parents amongst abenvlied intellectual elite of Berlin. It was probably Abraham Mendelssohn who procured the publication of this quartet by the house of Schlesinger. At age 16 Mendelssohn wrote his String Octet in E-flat majora work which has been regarded as “mark[ing] the beginning of his maturity as a composer. Later, inhe also wrote incidental music for the play, including the famous ” Abendllied March “.

The Overture is perhaps the earliest example of a concert absndlied —that is, a piece not written deliberately to accompany a staged performance but to evoke a literary theme in performance on a concert platform; this mendelsxohn a genre which became a popular form in musical romanticism.

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In Mendelssohn studied under the composer and piano virtuoso Ignaz Moscheleswho confessed in his diaries [28] that he had little to abendlie him. Moscheles and Mendelssohn became close colleagues and lifelong friends. The failure of this production left mendelsshn disinclined mendelszohn venture into the genre again.

Besides music, Mendelssohn’s education included art, literature, languages, and philosophy. In Zelter introduced Mendelssohn to his friend and correspondent Johann Wolfgang von Goethe then in his seventieswho was greatly impressed by the child, leading to perhaps the earliest confirmed comparison with Mozart in the following conversation between Goethe and Zelter:.

Mendelssohn was invited to meet Goethe on several later occasions, [35] and set a number of Goethe’s poems to music. Inwith the backing of Zelter and the assistance of the actor Eduard DevrientMendelssohn arranged and conducted abendlked performance in Berlin of Bach’s St Matthew Passion.

Four years previously his grandmother, Bella Salomonhad given him a copy of the manuscript of this by then all-but-forgotten masterpiece. The success of this performance, one of the very few since Bach’s death and the first ever outside of Leipzig[n 5] was the central event in the revival of Bach’s music in Germany and, eventually, throughout Europe.

It also led to one of the few explicit references which Mendelssohn made to his origins: Over the next few years Mendelssohn travelled widely. His first visit to England was in ; other places visited during the s included Vienna, Florence, Milan, Rome and Naples, in all of which he met with local and visiting musicians and artists.

These years proved to be the germination for some of his most famous works, including the Hebrides Overture and the Scottish and Italian symphonies. On Zelter’s death inMendelssohn had hopes of succeeding him as conductor of the Singakademie; but at a vote in January he was defeated for the post by Carl Abendoied Rungenhagen.

This may have been because of Mendelssohn’s youth, and fear of possible innovations; it was also suspected by some to be attributable to his Jewish ancestry. This precipitated a Handel revival in Germany, similar to the reawakened interest in J.

Bach following his performance of the St Matthew Passion. He had offers from both Munich and Leipzig abendlisd important musical posts, namely, direction of the Mendelssohnn Operathe editorship of the prestigious Leipzig music journal the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitungand direction of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra ; he accepted the latter in In Leipzig Mendelssohn concentrated on developing the town’s musical life, mencelssohn with the orchestra, the opera house, the Thomanerchor of which Abendllied had been a directorand the city’s other choral and musical institutions.

Mendelssohn’s concerts included, in addition to many of his own baendlied, three series of “historical concerts” featuring music mejdelssohn the eighteenth century, and a number of works by his contemporaries.

Robert Schumann discovered the abendliex of Schubert’s Ninth Symphony and sent it to Mendelssohn, who promptly premiered it in Leipzig on 21 Marchmore than a decade after Schubert’s death. A landmark event during Mendelssohn’s Leipzig years was the premiere of his oratorio Paulusthe English version of this is known as St. Paul seemed to many of Mendelssohn’s contemporaries to be his finest work, and sealed his European reputation.

When Friedrich Wilhelm IV came to the Prussian throne in with ambitions to develop Berlin as a cultural centre including the establishment of a music school, and reform of music for the churchthe obvious choice to head these reforms was Mendelssohn.

Free sheet music : Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix – Abendlied (Choral SA, Piano)

He was reluctant to undertake the task, especially in the light of his existing strong position in Leipzig. He was therefore not displeased to have the excuse to return to Leipzig. Other prominent musicians, including the string players Ferdinand David and Joseph Joachim and the music theorist Moritz Hauptmannalso became staff members. Mendelssohn first visited Britain inwhere Moscheles, who had already settled in London, introduced him to influential musical circles. In the summer he visited Edinburghwhere he met among others mendelesohn composer John Thomsonwhom he later recommended for the post of Professor of Music at Edinburgh University.

Scotland inspired two of his most famous works: He first heard Bennett perform in London in aged On Mendelssohn’s eighth British visit in the summer mrndelssohnhe conducted five of the Philharmonic concerts in London, and wrote: It was composed to a German text translated into English by William Bartholomewwho authored and translated many of Mendelssohn’s works during his time in England.

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Mendelssohn suffered from poor health in the final years of his life, probably aggravated by nervous problems and overwork. A final tour of England left him exhausted and ill, and the death of his sister, Fanny, on 14 Maycaused him further distress. Less than six months later, on 4 November, aged 38, Mendelssohn died in Leipzig after a series of strokes.

The pallbearers included Moscheles, Schumann and Niels Gade. The music historian R. Mendelsslhn Todd notes “the remarkable process of idealization” of Mendelssohn’s character “that crystallized in the memoirs of the composer’s circle”, including Hensel’s.

Devrient mentions that on one occasion in the s, when his wishes had been crossed, “his excitement was increased so fearfully The stern voice of his father at last checked the wild torrent of words; they took him to bed, and a profound sleep of twelve hours restored him to his normal state”.

Mendelssohn was an enthusiastic visual artist who worked in pencil and watercoloura skill which he enjoyed throughout his life. On 21 Marchat the age of seven years, Mendelssohn was baptised with his brother and sisters in a home ceremony by Johann Jakob Stegemann, minister of the Evangelical congregation of Berlin’s Jerusalem Church and New Church.

He was the prime mover in proposing to the publisher Heinrich Brockhaus a complete edition of Moses’s works, which continued with the support of his uncle, Joseph Mendelssohn.

Throughout his life Mendelssohn was wary of the more radical musical developments undertaken by some of his contemporaries.

In particular, Mendelssohn seems to have regarded Paris and its music with the greatest of suspicion and an almost puritanical distaste. Attempts made during his visit there to abejdlied him abenslied Saint-Simonianism ended in embarrassing scenes.

Moscheles preserved this conservative attitude at the Leipzig Conservatory until his own death in Carl, Marie, Paul, Lili and Felix.

Felix Mendelssohn

The second youngest child, Felix August, contracted measles in and was left with impaired health; he died in Marie married Victor Benecke and lived in London.

The family papers inherited by Marie and Lili’s children form the basis of the extensive collection of Mendelssohn manuscripts, including the so-called “Green Books” of his correspondence, now in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University.

Mendelssohn became close to the Swedish soprano Jenny Lindwhom he met in October Papers confirming their relationship had not been made public. Mendelssohn met and worked with Lind many times, and started an opera, Loreleifor her, based on the legend of the Lorelei Rhine maidens; the opera was unfinished at his death.

He is said to have tailored the aria “Hear Ye Israel” in his oratorio Elijah to Lind’s voice, although she did not sing this part until after his death, at a concert in December The music critic Henry Chorleywho was with him, wrote “I see as I write the smile with which Mendelssohn, whose enjoyment of Mdlle.

Lind’s talent was unlimited, turned round and looked at me, as if a load of anxiety had been taken off his mind. His attachment to Mdlle. Lind’s genius as a singer was unbounded, as was his desire for her success. Upon Mendelssohn’s death Lind wrote, “[He was] the only person who brought fulfilment to my spirit, and almost as soon as I found him I lost him again.

The first winner of the scholarship was Arthur Sullivanthen aged 14, in In Lind erected a plaque in Mendelssohn’s memory at his birthplace in Hamburg. Something of Mendelssohn’s intense attachment to his personal vision of music is conveyed in his comments to a correspondent who suggested converting some of the Songs Without Words into lieder by adding texts: Schumann wrote of Mendelssohn that he was “the Mozart of the nineteenth century, the most brilliant musician, the one who most clearly sees through the contradictions of the age and for the first time reconciles them.

First, that his inspiration for musical style was rooted in his technical mastery and his interpretation of the style of previous masters, [] although he certainly recognized and developed the strains of early romanticism in the music of Beethoven and Weber.

Berlioz said of Mendelssohn that he had “perhaps studied the music of the dead too closely.